Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IndianOil), NTPC and South Delhi Municipal Corporation (SDMC) have signed a tripartite MoU here today for development of waste-to-energy facilities at SDMC's landfill site in Okhla. As per the MoU signed in the presence of Shri Dharmendra Pradhan, Hon'ble Union Minister of Petroleum & Natural Gas and Steel, Shri RK Singh, Hon'ble Minister of State (I/c), Power and New & Renewable Energy, Govt. of India, and Shri Anil Baijal, Hon'ble Lt. Governor of Delhi here today, SDMC would provide a 1-acre land on lease at the landfill site, while IndianOil and NTPC will invest 50% each towards setting up and operating the facilities.
Speaking on the occasion, Shri Pradhan mentioned GOI's thrust on promotion of bio-fuels and the SATAT scheme on CBG. He elaborated on Hon'ble Prime Minister's vision of India's energy future viz. energy access, energy efficiency, energy sustainability and energy security and pathway to energy justice which can be achieved through this vision. He appreciated both IndianOil and NTPC for coming together for setting up the project and mentioned that the assurance the project provides through support of the two CPSEs is tremendous. He also mentioned that after successful demonstration of the Plasma Enhanced Gasification technology, many more such plants are expected to be set up across the country providing a solution to waste management which is climate friendly and is beneficial to the people, planet and economy. He also advised IndianOil and NTPC to come together in creation of a hydrogen pathway.
Hon'ble Minister of State (I/c) (Power and New & Renewable Energy) & Minister of State (Skill Development and Entrepreneurship) through his address elaborated on the importance of such MSW to power plants in generation of renewable electricity utilizing waste materials thereby assisting in self-sufficiency in power and also goals of Swatch Bharat. He mentioned Hon'ble Prime Minister's vision of bringing together various Ministries for synergy. He stressed on the fact that the power generated from renewable sources may be more expensive than conventional electricity, but the benefits of such green energy have to be taken into consideration in promoting renewable energy.
Lt. Governor of Delhi Shri Anil Baijal during his address mentioned the benefits of the project for the people of National Capital. He further added that based on the success of the pilot plant, further plants are expected to be developed in Delhi using similar technology.
Shri Sanjiv Singh, Chairman, IndianOil during his address stressed on the problem of waste management in Delhi. He added that, setting up of an MSW to Energy Plant shall provide multiple benefits such as reduction in import dependence, generation of renewable energy & advanced biofuels, reduced Green House Gas (GHG) emissions, reduction in health & environmental hazards from landfills and reduction in legacy waste in the long run. He briefed on the various MSW management techniques being implemented by IndianOil. He provided details on the proposed Plant and the state-of the art Plasma Enhanced Gasification technology to be deployed in the Plant. He further appreciated the assistance extended by SDMC for making this project a step towards a cleaner and greener India and at the same time, also acknowledged NTPC as a trusted partner in the project.
Shri Gurdeep Singh CMD, NTPC in his address mentioned that the demonstration project on waste to electricity shall demonstrate the benefits of Plasma Enhanced Gasification technology and provide a stepping-stone for deployment of the technology for further plants assisting in waste management across the country.
Commissioner, SDMC mentioned that about 3750 MT of municipal solid waste is being generated daily in SDMC area out of which 50% is being processed presently. After the successful implementation of this MOU, the capacity of this proposed plant will be enhanced to achieve 100% processing of municipal waste. SDMC will become the first municipal corporation to achieve this remarkable feat.
The demonstration plant will convert 50 tonnes per day (TPD) of refuse-derived fuel (RDF), obtained from segregation of municipal solid waste (MSW), to produce synthesis gas, or syngas, which shall in turn be used to generate electricity. The Plant will deploy the state-of-the-art plasma gasification technology, which can process different kinds of wastes such as MSW/RDF, industrial waste, bio-mass, pet-coke, bio-medical waste and hazardous waste generated by some industries. The technology produces high-quality syngas per tonne of waste with zero pollution for more net power generation. All inerts are converted to vitrified slag, which can be used as road or building aggregate and also in manufacturing sanitary-ware and decorative tiles. The Plant shall be designed as a zero liquid discharge plant with reduced water requirement.
The National Policy on Biofuels envisages promotion of bio-fuels from municipal waste for reducing import dependence on crude oil, bringing down greenhouse gas emissions and increasing domestic production of renewable fuels using indigenous feedstock, besides reduction in health & environmental hazards and legacy waste. Gasification converts carbon-containing material such as bio-mass, MSW, pet-coke, etc., to syngas. The syngas can be turned into high-value commercial products such as alcohols, synthetic methane, Hydrogen, etc. or used to generate electricity.
Setting up of an MSW-to-energy plant shall, therefore, provide multiple benefits and is also in alignment with Government initiatives like Swachh Bharat, Atmanirbhar Bharat and Make in India. It shall also provide an impetus to creation of jobs across the value chain, from collection of waste to sale of energy.
John Prasad K.
Chief General Manager
Indian Oil Corporation Ltd.